మందగమనం లో స్మార్ట్ సిటీ ల అభివృద్ధి పధకం

ప్రపంచ స్థాయి నగరాలతో మన దేశం లోని నగరాలు పొటీ పడేటట్లు చేసే సద్భావనతో కేంద్ర ప్రభుత్వం 2015 సంవత్సరం లో స్మార్ట్ సిటీ కు రూపకల్పన చేసింది. మన దేశం లో ఎక్కువ సాతం ప్రజలు గ్రామాలలో వున్నా అక్కడి వాస్తవిక పరిస్థితుల దృష్ట్యా గ్రామాలలో ప్రజలు నివశించడానికి సుముఖం గా లేరు.ప్రాధమిక అవసరాలు అయిన విద్య, వైద్యం, ఉపాధి అవకాశాలు, రవాణా సరిగ్గా లేకపోవడం వలన సగనికి పైగా గ్రామీణ జనాభా పట్టణాలకు వలస పోతున్నారు. దీనితో పట్టణాలు జనాభాతో కిక్కిరిసిపోయి వున్న వసతులు, రోడ్లు,గృహాలు, రవాణా చాలక నిత్యం ప్రజలు ఇబ్బందులు పడుతున్నారు. ఈ ఇబ్బందులను అధిగమించే ఉద్దేశ్యం తో కేంద్ర ప్రభుత్వం ఆకర్షణీయమైన నగరాల అభివృద్ధికి నడుం బిగించింది.ఈ స్మాఋట్ సిటీ పధకం క్రింద వంద నగరాలను ఎంపిక చేసి ప్రజలకు అత్యున్నత జీవన ప్రమణాలు, మౌఇలిక వసతుల రూప కల్పనకు శ్రీకారం చుట్టింది. తెలుగు రాష్ట్రాలలో వరంగల్, కరీంనగర్, అమరావతి, విశాఖపట్నం, కాకినాడ, తిరుపతి నగరాలను స్మార్ట్ సిటీల జాబితాలీ కేంద్ర ప్రభుత్వం అభివృద్ధి చేసింది. వీటితో పాటు మరొక 500 నగరాలలో మౌలిక సదుపాయాల విస్తరణను అటల్ మిషన్ ఫర్ అర్బన్ ట్రాన్స్ఫర్మేషన్ పధకం కింద ప్రవేసపెట్టారు. ఇందులో స్మార్ట్ సిటీల అభివృద్ధి కోసం 48 వేల కొట్లు, అతల్ మిషన్ పధకం కోసం మరొక 50 వేల కోట్లను అయిదు సంవత్సరాలలో దశల వారీగా విడుదల చేయాలని ప్రభుత్వం నిర్ణయించింది. ఇప్పటికి 63 వేల కోట్లతో 1686 ప్రాజెక్టులకు టెండర్లు పిలిచినట్లు కెంద్ర పట్టణాభివృద్ధి మంత్రిత్వ శాఖ ప్రకటించింది.

2015 సంవత్సరం లో కేంద్ర పట్టణాభివృద్ధి సంస్థ గణాంకాల ప్రకారం గుజరాత్ లో 42.6 శాతం, మహారాష్ట్రలో 45.2 శాతం, కర్నటక లో 38.6 శాతం, ఉమ్మడి ఆంద్ర ప్రదెశ్ లో 33.5 శాతం ప్రజలు పట్టణాలలోనే వుంటున్నారు.కొన్ని నగరాలకే పట్టణీఇకరణ కేంద్రీకృతమవడం వలన మిగిలిన పట్టణాల అభివృద్ధి సరిగ్గా జరగక ప్రజలు ఇబ్బందులు పడుతున్నారు. వ్యవసాయ ప్రధానమైన మన దేశం లో వ్యవసాయ రంగం లో నెలకొన్న ఒడిదుడుకులతో ప్రజలు పట్టణాలలో ఏదో ఒక జీవనోపాధి వేటలో వలస పోతున్నారు. దానితో పట్టణాలలో నిరుద్యోగ సమస్య పెరిగిపోతోంది. ఈ సమస్యలన్నీ అధిగమించి పట్టణ ప్రాంతాల అభివృద్ధికి నడుం కట్టిన ప్రభుత్వం ఎంపిక చేసిన 100 నగరాల అభివృద్ధికి భారీ నిధులు కేటాయిస్తోంది.ఈ పధకం లో భాగం గా సమీకృత కమాండ్ నియంత్రణా కేంద్రాన్ని గుజరాత్ లోని రాజ్ కోట్ లో ఏర్పాటు చేసారు. స్మార్ట్ సిటీ అభివృద్ధిలో భాగం గా ఐ వో టి సాంకేతిక పరిజ్ఞ్ఞాన్ని ఉపయోగించడం ద్వారా 18 శాతం నగరాలలో నేరాల సంఖ్య తగ్గిందని గణాంకాలు చెబుతున్నాయి. నగరాలలో చెత్త ఎక్కడబడితే అక్కడ పడేయకుండా సి సి కెమెరాల ద్వారా పర్యవేక్షణా, వ్యర్ధాల పున: శుద్ధి ప్లాంట్లు, మరుగు నీటి వ్యవస్థ క్రమబద్ధీకరణ, స్వచ్చ భారత్ పధకం అమలు, హరితాభివృద్ధి , నగదు రహిత లావాదేవీలు,జల వనరుల సమగ్ర నిర్వహణ,ఆరోగ్య సౌకర్యాలు మెరుగు పరచడం, నైపుణ్య శిక్షణా కెంద్రాలు , బిగ్ డేటా వంటి సౌకర్యాల అభివృద్ధి పనులకు ప్రణాళికలు రూపొందించారు.ఆశయం మంచిదైనా పధకం మందకొడిగా సాగడం కెంద్ర రాష్ట్ర ప్రభుత్వాల మధ్య సమన్వ్యయ లోపం, నిధుల దుర్వినియోగం తో నగరల అభివృద్ధి కార్యక్రమం కుంటుపడుతొంది. ఈ పధకం ప్రారంభానికి ముందే కీలక అంశాలైన ప్రణాళికలో భాగం గా చేయవలసిన పనుల జాబితా, పెట్టుబడుల అవకాశాలు , స్థానిక సంస్థల నుండి సహకారం, మౌలిక సౌకర్యాల విశ్లేషణ వంటివి కొరవడడం తో ఈ ఆశయం ఎక్కడ వేసిన గొంగళి అన్న చందాన వుంది. ప్రభుత్వం 2016-17 ఆర్ధిక సంవత్సరం తో పోలిస్తే 2017-18 లో 35 శాతం తక్కువ నిధులు కేటాయించడం వలన పనుల పురోభివృద్ధి ఆశించిన స్థాయిలో జరగడం లేదు. పైగా పనుల నాణ్యత అంతంత మాత్రం గా వుండడం తో పాటు భారీ ఎత్తున అవినీతి చోటుచేసుకుంటోందన్న ఆరోపణలు వెల్లువెత్తుతున్నాయి.

స్మార్ట్ సిటీల సాకుతో ఆయా నగరాలలో ఇంటి పన్నులతో పాటు అనేక రకాలుగా ధరలు కూడా పెరిగిపోవడం వలన సామాన్యులు అనేక ఇబ్బందులు పడుతున్నారు. స్థుల దేశీయోత్పత్తిలో అధిక భాగ్యస్వామ్యం అవుతున్న పట్టణాల అభివృద్ధిపై చిన్న చూపు చూడడం పాలకులకు తగదు అని గుర్తించాలి. ప్రభుత్వాలు మౌలిక సదుపాయాల కల్పనే కాకుండా వాటి నిర్వహణలో ప్రజల సహాయ సహకారాలను ప్రోత్సహించాలి.ప్రభుత్వం ఏ నగరాన్నయితే ఆకర్షణీయ నగరాల అభివృద్ధి జాబితాలో చేర్చిందో, ఆ నగరం లోని స్థానిక సంస్థల ప్రతినిధుల సహకారం తో పూర్తి స్థాయి కార్యనిర్వహణాధికారులను నియమించడం ద్వారా ఈ పధకాన్ని త్వరతగతిన పూర్తి చెయవచ్చు.

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